TREATMENT FOR GLAUCOMA
With any type of glaucoma, periodic examinations are very important to prevent vision
loss. Because glaucoma can progress without your knowledge, adjustments to your
treatment may be necessary from time to time.
The treatment for glaucoma depends upon the nature and severity of each case. In
general, glaucoma cannot be cured, but it can be controlled. Eye drops, pills, laser
procedures, and surgical operations are used to prevent or slow further damage from
occurring. With any type of glaucoma, regular eye examinations are very important
to detect progression and to prevent vision loss. Because glaucoma can worsen without
you being aware of it, your treatment will likely need to be changed over time to
achieve a lower "target eye pressure."
Glaucoma is often treated with eye drops taken regularly several times a day, sometimes
in combination with pills. These medications will alter the circulation of eye fluid
and lower eye pressure, either by decreasing the production of fluid within the
eye, or by increasing the flow leaving the drainage angle. It is important to tell
all of your doctors about the eye medications you are using because glaucoma medications
can have side-effects. You should notify immediately if you think you may be experiencing
side-effects. Side-effects from some eye drops may include a stinging sensation,
red eyes, blurred vision, headaches, or changes in pulse, heartbeat or breathing.
Side-effects from pills may include tingling of fingers and toes, drowsiness, loss
of appetite, bowel irregularities, kidney stones, anemia or bleeding disorders.
Laser surgery is also effective for glaucoma treatment. Trabeculoplasty is laser
treatment to enhance the eye drain age function to control eye pressure within the
eye when treating open-angle glaucoma. Iridotomy is laser treatment to create tiny
holes in the iris to improve the flow of eye fluid to the drain when treating narrow
When operative surgery is needed to treat glaucoma, doctor will use a microscope
and specialized instruments to create a new bypass drainage channel for the eye
fluid to leave the eye. The new channel helps to lower the eye pressure. Surgery
will be recommended only if it requires to the benefit of a lower eye pressure achieved
with an operation outweighs possible complications and/or further progression of
optic nerve damage.